October 29, 2009
A Canadian Autobahn
Creating a World-Class Highway System for the Nation
As the worldwide “Great Recession,” (as characterized by the International Monetary Fund), has developed, there have been many proposals to expand transportation infrastructure. One is to build high-speed passenger rail lines in Canada. Another alternative is to establish a world-class highway system of freeways, also known as motorways, autobahns or autoroutes in other parts of the world.
Motorways and autoroutes are fully grade separated roadways that permit traffic to flow generally uninterrupted between urban areas. They do not have at-grade cross traffic. The United States, Europe and Japan have motorway systems that reach virtually all of their major urban areas. China is developing a system that will eventually equal the length of the world’s most extensive system, which is in the United States. Mexico and Brazil have developed substantial systems. Canada, however, does not have a comprehensive system and is the largest developed nation in the world without a comprehensive intercity motorway system. In addition, some nations have built highways to premotorway standards, which provide superior capacity, speed and safety compared to conventional roadways.
Motorways have a significant positive impact on national and local economies, principally because saving time improves productivity. Moreover, motorways are far safer than conventional roads, because there are no grade crossings.
Canada is largely unconnected by motorways or autoroutes. On average, the metropolitan areas are connected to less than one-quarter of the other metropolitan areas. Two of the nation’s six metropolitan areas with more than 1,000,000 people Calgary and Edmonton) are not connected to any other metropolitan area by motorway, and Vancouver is connected only to Abbotsford. Calgary and Edmonton are also the only major metropolitan areas not connected to the motorway systems of the United States and Mexico. As a result, much of Canada, one of the three North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners, is not connected to the motorway systems of the United States and Mexico.
For many trips between metropolitan areas within Canada, it takes less time to travel through the United States on its motorways. The principal problem is the long, crowded, slow, two-lane stretch of roadway between the Manitoba-Ontario border, between Sudbury and Parry Sound, and much of the route between the Alberta border and Kamloops, B.C. Canada pays an economic price for this lack of a world-class highway system, both in terms of manufacturing and tourism.
It is proposed that a national motorway and pre-motorway be established, the Canadian Autobahn. This system would include the following improvements:
Moreover, new roads to the North need to be considered. Less than 300 kilometers remain to complete a link to the port city of Churchill, Manitoba. Given the concerns about national sovereignty in the North, the potential for a road to Nunavut (Rankin Inlet or eventually Iqaluit) deserves a serious review.
Because of the importance of tying the nation together, it would be appropriate to spend federal and provincial funding on the Canadian Autobahn. User fees, such as a dedicated gasoline tax (as in the United States) or tolls (as in France, China and Mexico) could finance it.
View entire study in PDF (25 pages)
Wendell Cox, Senior Fellow, is principal of Wendell Cox Consultancy, an international public policy, demographics and transport consulting firm. He has developed a leadership role in urban transport and land use and the firm maintains three internet websites: www.demographia.com, www.publicpurpose.com and www.rentalcartours.net . Wendell Cox has completed projects in Canada, the United States, Asia, Australia, New Zealand, Europe and Africa. He is author of "War on the Dream: How Anti-Sprawl Policy Threatens the Quality of Life" and a co-author with Richard Vedder of
"The Wal-Mart Revolution: How Big-Box Stores Benefit Consumers, Workers, and the Economy."
He was appointed to three terms on the Los Angeles County Transportation Commission which oversaw highways and public transit in the largest county in the United States. He was also appointed to the Amtrak Reform Council. Wendell Cox is visiting professor at the Conservatoire National des Arts et Metiers (a national university) in Paris.